In this video Darald Wing Sue discusses the importance of developing
multicultural competence in counseling practice. He describes
multicultural competence as an ongoing process of becoming aware of,
examining, and confronting our biases related to client identity factors
(e.g., race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation). He says
all counselors will, "commit blunders, the important thing is how you
recover not how you cover up".
In this video Dr. Ratts discusses four different approaches taken to
treat mental health concerns.
Medical/biological approach (Bio) most closely aligned
Intrapsychic approach (Bio-Psycho) focused on understanding
and becoming more aware of experiences, feelings, thoughts, behaviors,
beliefs, and values. The intrapsychic approach is most closely aligned
with psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, and humanistic existential
Multicultural approach (Bio-Psycho-Social) focused
on how clients cultures and contexts shape their ways of being and
understanding. Explores how biological, psychological, and social
factors influence clients problems.
Social Justice approach
(Bio-Psycho-Social-Advocacy) Explores how
biological, psychological, and social factors influence clients'
problems and then identifies ways to intervene at multiple levels
(e.g.,interpersonal, intrapersonal, institutional, community,
public policy, and international/global levels).
Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies
Click here to download the Multicultural and Social Justice
Counseling Competencies (Ratts, Singh, Nassar-McMillan,
Butler, & McCullough, 2015). This framework is designed to assist
counselors with implementing multiculturally competent and socially just ways of being,
understanding, and intervening with diverse clients.